SFTP – Mac OS X
To update or create your homepage on community.wvu.edu, you will need to use program that supports Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) to send your files from your computer to the webserver. SFTP is a secure way to transfer files between computers. (Normal FTP transfers usernames and passwords in clear text, but SFTP encrypts this information.)
To get started:
- Get your Central ID: The first thing you need to do is get your Central ID user id if you have not already established one. It can be setup at http://centralid.wvu.edu
- Download Fugu SFTP (link opens a new window and requires Central ID Login)
- Install Fugu
- Launch Fugu
- Connect to the webserver
- Log in
- Create a www folder
- Set the permissions on the www folder
- Uploading files
- Check permissions on the uploaded file
Download and install the Fugu SSH software (CentralID Required for login)
After installation is complete, double-click on the Fugu icon to launch the client.
After the Fugu client opens, the connection configuration dialog box will open. In the “Connect to:” field, enter sftp.community.wvu.edu. Enter your username, which you were supplied with earlier, in the “Username:” field, and enter 22 in the “Port:” field. Click the Connect button.
After clicking Connect, you will be prompted to enter your new password. Enter it and then click “Authenticate.”
The SSH client will open. Your first task is to create the www folder on the server. This is where all of your HTML documents and images will be placed. Click on the new folder icon on the toolbar. In the dialog box that pops up after clicking the icon, enter www in the “New Directory Name” field. Make sure the “Remote” button is depressed, and then click the “Create” button. This will create your www directory on the server.
The next step is to make sure permissions on the “www” folder are correct.
Single-click the “www” folder to highlight it, and then click the information icon on the toolbar.
The correct permissions are:
Owner: Read, Write, Execute
Group: Read, Execute
Other: Read, Execute
You can now upload your files. Double-click on the “www” folder to open it. Browse to locate your files in the panel on the
left. Once the file is located, simply drag and drop it over to the panel on the right. If you wish to remove a file you have uploaded, simply single-click to select the file and then click the delete icon on far right side of the toolbar. When you are finished with your session, click the disconnect icon on the toolbar.
Once you upload the file, it is a good idea to verify that other people (and the webserver) can see it.
To check if the permissions are correct, click once on the filename to highlight it and click the Info button on the toolbar. A dialog box will show you what the permissions are for that file. If shows checkmarks in the column titled Read next to Owner, Group and Others the page is visible to the outside world. If not, put checkmarks next to each in that column and click Apply. Note that the Owner should also have Write check marked.
For additional information, go to the community.wvu.edu information page.
For technical assistance, call the OIT Service Desk at 304-293-4444.